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Social assessment identifies and assesses the socio-economic impacts of a planned activity or project on people and communities residing in its direct and indirect area of influence, in order to identify measures to prevent, mitigate or compensate for negative impacts, enhance the positive ones and share the benefits of the project with local communities.

ERES considers that the environment is comprised of physical (air, land, and water), biological (flora and fauna) and social dimensions. These dimensions are intrinsically interrelated. Human beings depend for their survival on natural resources and those resources are affected by the use to which human beings put them. Therefore, a change in the elements in any of the environmental dimensions causes changes in other dimensions. For that reason, environmental assessment should integrate the analysis of natural and social aspects in order to understand the potential impacts of each environmental dimension and their interrelationships.  ERES therefore incorporates the analysis of socioeconomic impacts in environmental impact assessments.

The purpose of social evaluation is to ensure that the costs of projects implemented in a territory do not impact the resident communities and that, on the contrary, projects benefit local communities and promote sustainable local development.



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